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Description of Garden city
The Garden city is a concept of the ideal city developed by the English utopian sociologist Ebenezer Howard at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. A garden city is a sparsely populated and low-rise settlement that combines the advantages of a city and a village without inheriting the main disadvantages of both. People in the garden city live in harmony with nature in cozy, well-maintained areas, mainly work in production and receive all the necessary benefits of civilization without the stress of a capitalist metropolis. First, these should be small settlements, limited to about 32,000. They can unite in associations with a single community center, serving up to 250 thousand people. In the center of the whole city is a garden, surrounded by public buildings including shopping centers, libraries, hospitals, theaters, and museums. The second circle is a green park with glazed greenhouses, sports grounds, and shopping and exhibition areas. Further, the circles of residential buildings and green spaces alternate. Everything that people eat in such a city is grown within its borders.
Ecotopia main description
General info: Ecotopia is a type of modern utopia and is a subgenre of the Science Fiction genre. Ecotopia as a holistic idea was established in the second half of the 20th century, but some of its elements are found in Utopia (1516) by English social philosopher Thomas More. Henry David Thoreau, in the book Walden, or Life in the Woods (1854), reflected on the experience of his life in isolation from society in the wilderness. Thoreau tried to prove that a person may well lead a simple, free, self-sufficient existence by abandoning the values of industrial civilization and the desire for immoderate consumption and endless accumulation of material wealth.
Ernest Kallenbach in his utopian novel Ecotopia: The Notebooks and Records of William Weston, published in 1975, is one of the first true ecological utopias. In the book, Ecotopia is a state that has seceded from the United States for ideological reasons and promotes values of harmony with nature, opposing the desire for material success.
Cultural overview: Thomas More, Henry David Thoreau, Aldous Huxley, Ernest Kallenbach, R. Frye, Stanislaw Lem, Kim Stanley Robinson, Murray Bookchin. Ecotopia as a genre developed in the 20th century due to ecological problems and disasters associated with technological progress.
Meaning: Ecotopia is a science fiction subgenre, but at the same time it can be described as a movement. People in this movement are in search of ways to make the Earth a more ecological place to live and to abandon the material excesses that civilization provides to build societies closer to a simpler, more primitive way of life.
Most used keywords: #eco-polis #eco-community #eco-technology #recycling #harmony #veganism #aquaponics #primitive man #ecological #man of nature
Distinctive traits of symbols: The Ecotopian world is about the creation of eco-communities, the disappearance of hierarchy in society, and the unification of cities and villages into eco-polises. Ecopolis is a city created with the help of modern eco-technologies, causing minimal damage to the environment, which is tailored according to human standards. Ecotechnology, developed according to the principle of small size and versatile applicability, according to its supporters, will be a further development of today's technology. It will use the inexhaustible energy of nature (sun and wind, water flow, and so on) to supply the eco-community with environmentally friendly materials and recyclable waste.